Mrs. Pat (Lenora Stirk) Carberry

Mrs. Pat Carberry Dies

Death Follows Stroke—Was Lenora Stirk Before Marriage

Mrs. Carberry, whose maiden name was Lenora Stirk, was born near Battle Creek, sixty years ago.  She grew to womanhood here and was married September 25, 1912, to Patrick Carberry, who established the Carberry Seed company in Norfolk about thirty-five years ago.  Following the death of here husband, Mrs. Carberry continued to conduct the business with the aid of  her sons and was active to the day of her death.  Surviving are here three sons, Patrick Jr., Jack, and Joseph; two daughters, Mrs. William Fisher, and Miss Bettye; two brothers, Howard and W. I Stirk; and one sister Mrs. George Tannehill.  There are five grandchildren.

Source: excerpts from Battle Creek Enterprise, Thursday, Dec. 30, 1948, page 1.

Norfolk’s Famous Horse Breeder

Norfolk‘s Famous Horse Breeder, G. L. Carlson, Became Interested in Animals at an Early Age


G. L. Carson, Norfolk’s scientific horse breeder and farmer of world-wide fame, became interested in the horse when he was a very small boy on his father’s farm in Iowa, and it is probable that his early environment had much to do with his lifetime study of embryology of the horse, in which he is now recognized as the foremost authority in the world.

The accompanying picture was taken from a scene on the old homestead in Lee county, Ia., near which place Mr. Carlson was born,  The small boy in the picture is Mr. Carlson himself, interested even at that early age, it is apparent, in the study of the horse.

From that day up till the present time Mr. Carlson’s life was given over entirely to the study of this animal.  Further in the distance in this picture is the Carlson home. Near here Mr. Carlson was born on January 1, 1853.

Shortly after this picture was made Mr. Carlson’s parents moved back to the old home in Scotland where his mother died.  In 1861 the father returned to the United States and settled on a farm in Pottawattomie county, Ia.  During the civil war he was one of the blue army and three or four times he was discharged for disability and as the results of wounds received in actual service he died when the son was but 14 years old.

It was hard sledding for Young America in those days, but Mr. Carlson graduated from an Iowa county school and his natural gift in the knowledge of animals aided his progress toward higher studies.  He attended the Keokuk, Ia., university and later crossed the Atlantic to resume further studies in embryology in the universities of Berlin, Scotland, Vienna and Paris.

Mr. Carlson’s first visit to Nebraska probably links him with his decision of settling in Norfolk.  In 1874 he was appointed inspector of live stock in the government employ.  His headquarters were at Springfield, Mo., but his territory was an extensive one.  Three times he traveled on the same mule from Springfield, Mo., to the Gulf of Mexico and return.  These trips brought with them many hardships, the effects of which, however, Mr. Carlson does not show today.  On several of these trips to the gulf, Mr. Carlson’s hotel consisted of his “dog” tent, saddle and saddle blanket.  “The more rain and mud, the softer the bed,” he declared, when asked how accommodations were in those days.

In 1874 Mr. Carlson rode into Norfolk with a number of government cattle for the forts north of this city.  “There were only a mill and a store and probably a house or two here then,” he says.

For seven years he continued in the capacity of inspector, and in the meantime he farmed on a small scale in Yankton county, South Dakota.  His office at Springfield, Mo., has since been abandoned by the government.  After leaving the government service he took up ranch work and experimental work in Butte county, South Dakota, and a few years later he settled on his ranch in Holt county, Nebraska.  Horses for experimental purposes were cheap in those days and hundreds of them were used by Mr. Carlson in his pursuits of further knowledge of scientific breeding.

Mr. Carlson has many interesting occurrences to relate dealing with his experiences with Indians.  Among the most interesting is the story about friendly Indians.  It was during the time of Custer’s trouble.  Mr Carlson, with a party of government men, was making his way in the Buffalo Gap vicinity with a large bunch of cattle.  The watchers during the night reported Indians were following the white men and trouble was expected.  It was discovered later that the Indians were really friendly and were following the government men as a protection to them, having discovered another band of hostile reds were arranging to massacre the white men.

Mr. Carlson has done much to editorial work for magazines and journals, mostly dealing with scientific subjects.  Some years ago he won a $50 prize for an article he had written on Alaska.

Just why Mr. Carlson came to Norfolk, he has not yet made clear, but he has declared on various occasions that Norfolk is the logical point for the breeding of pure bred horses and that because he neither desired to locate in a small town or in a large city, he chose Norfolk.

Source:  The Norfolk Daily News, Sat. April 8, 1911, page 6.

G. L. Carlson, 100, Is Dead, Rites Thursday

George Lloyd Carlson, Norfolk’s oldest citizen who celebrated his 100th anniversary Jan. 1, died of old age complications at 7:47 Monday night in a hospital here.

He was admitted to the hospital Thursday after apparently recovering from a stomach disorder.

Funeral services will be conducted at 2:30 p.m. Thursday at the Norfolk Home for Funerals by the Rev. E. G. Brinkmeyer, First Congregational Church minister.  The body will lie in state from 3 to 9 p.m. Wednesday at the Home for Funerals.  Burial is to be in Prospect Hill Cemetery

Born in Iowa

He was born Jan. 1, 1853, at Montrose, Ia., his father being the Rev. Edwin George Carlson, a Presbyterian minister.  The father died Feb. 24, 1867, of wounds suffered in the Civil War.  His mother was Edith Lloyd Carlson, who died June 9, 1856, three days after the birth of a daughter.

In the spring of 1858, the family located in the Sugar Creek District near Council Bluffs where they lived for 12 years.  Mr. Carlson’s education began in the home under the supervision of his father.  After finishing rural schools, he attended various colleges, a semester here and another there, as he could find work to pay for board and tuition.

Most of his college work was done in Highland Park College at Des Moines , and Presbyterian colleges at Keokuk, Ia., and Forest Hill, Ill.

In the spring of 1874 he took a job in the livestock bureau of the Indian service as an inspector.  His salary was $1,200 a year.  He worked seven years for the government.  He said the three most outstanding events were his first trip over the Chisholm trail from Mexico to Dodge City; his being a few miles south of Northfield, Minn., the day the James and Younger brothers robbed the bank, and the driving of 3,500 head of cattle across the Missouri River between what is now Niobrara and Santee.

He gave the world the idea that artificial insemination of horses could be successfully done.  The idea came to him 72 years ago when he saw a woman purchase medicine in capsule form in a drug store at Yankton.

Studied in Europe

In the fall of 1881 he entered the University of Scotland in Edinburgh, where he studied four years.  When he arrived there he had $118, and when he finished his university work at Heidelberg six years later he had $2,200.  He did special work in biology at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1885, and in 1887 made a four-year contract with the Russian government to take charge of research work in geology of the Russian empire.

He later worked for the British government in China and India, and in the Amazon River basin.  He also worked for the British in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Mesopotamia, Asia Minor.

In 1897 he located in South Dakota after making a contract with a livestock firm at Rapid City to deliver 300 Indian ponies.

Sets Record

In the early part of this century Mr. Carlson built a large barn at Norfolk to demonstrate the economic value of artificial breeding.  There a world’s record that still stands was established.  It was the mating of imported Nicolas,21997 (433-94) with 747 mares during one breeding season, resulting in 529 foals being born the following season.

That gave to Nicolas the record of being the only stallion, living or dead, that ever produced 500 or more foals in a single season, Mr. Carlson often said.

He held an international school of horse breeding in Norfolk in August 1910, which was attended by 300 men from Canada, Belgium, Great Britian, South Africa, Argentina, Chile, Mexico and 26 of the States.

He issued a magazine, Carlson’s Rural Review, for three years at Norfolk, wrote and translated other literary work and lectured for three years at the University of Nebraska.

During the summer of 1949 he visited Minnesota and gathered enough material to complete records of more than 2,300 pioneer families in the Northwest.  He turned these records over to the American Anthropological Society—-gratis.

His health was excellent until recently.  He took daily walks of three to four miles until recently because he found walking maintained his excellent body condition.  He was rejected for a U. S. Military Academy appointment when a young man because of a weak heart.

Makes Forecasts

On his 100th birthday anniversary Mr. Carlson predicted the war in Korea would end in 1953, but added that the “cold war” would continue for some time.  He saw no swift change of policies for the United States; no quick cuts in expenses for the government.

“It will take President Eisenhower a year to get his administration ready to put forward a new policy,” he said.

He greatly enjoyed visits with his friends, and until he entered the hospital wanted them to come often to his home, where he lived with his secretary, Mrs. Alice Holt.

He had never married and had no living relatives at the time of his death.

Mr. Carlson often said: “The number of years we live is not important, but how we live them is very important.”

Source:  The Norfolk Daily News, Tues. April 7, 1953, pages 1 and 9

Nickolas Peter Christiansen

Christiansen Rites At Funeral Home

The funeral for Nickolas Peter Christiansen was held at the Resseguie Funeral home on Tuesday afternoon at 2 o’clock.  Burial was at Crown Hill Cemetery.  He was 82 years, 2 months and 22 days old.  He had lived in Madison as a retired farmer for many years.

Nickolas P. Christiansen was born in Schleswig-Holstein February 8, 1868, and came to America when 14 years of age, living almost continuously in Madison county ever since.  He married Carolina Scheer on January 30, 1894.  To this union six children were born, all of whom survive their father’s death.    Source:  excerpts from Madison Star-Mail Thursday, May 4, 1950 on page 1.

Mrs. Dora F. Craig

Inman, Neb. Sept. 13—Special to The News:  Funeral services were held here Thursday morning for Mrs. Dora F. Craig, who passed away at the home of her daughter, Mrs. John Gallagher, east of Inman, on Sept. 9, at the age of 73 years.  The services were conducted at 10 a.m. by the Rev. R. Poe and the body taken to Battle Creek for further services and burial.  Source:  The Norfolk Daily News, Sat. Sept. 13, 1930, page 5.

Crooks, Mary O.

Mary O. Crooks

Mary O. Crooks was born near Port Andrew, Richland Co., Wisconsin on August 30, 1874. She was married to Geo. John Medenia in 1907 in Cherry County. Due to her deep study to gain a higher education, poor eyesight and broken down health, it was necessary for her to be taken to the State Hospital at Norfolk about two years after her marriage, remaining there until the final summons came Dec. 17, 1920. Interment was made in the Hutchins burying ground. Excerpts from Meadow Grove News, Friday December 24, 1920 on page 1.

Craig, Giles, S., Mrs. (Dora Chewning)

Mrs. Giles S. Craig died September 9, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. J. M. Gallagher east of Inman. Funeral services were held in Inman and the burial was in the family lot at Union cemetery at Battle Creek. Dora F. Chewning was born in Bedford County, Virginia. She had reached the age of 79 years, 1 month and 13 days. She was married to Giles S. Craig in 1871 and came to Madison county, Nebraska in 1885. Mr. Craig died in 1910. Survivors were A. W. Craig, Mrs. Gallagher, William Craig, George Craig, Mrs. Harry Niles, Mrs. J. M. Warner, Mrs. William Decker, Mrs. J. W. DeMerritt, and Mrs. Edwin Hallee. Also surviving were twenty-five grandchildren and nine great grandchildren. Source: excerpt from Battle Creek Enterprise, Thursday, September 11, 1930, page 1.

Custer’s Messenger Ben Connor

Custer’s Messenger Dead

Ben Arnold, Scout and Soldier, Answers Final Call. Had Let Eventful Life. Right Name was Connor. Married a Meadow Grove Girl in 1877.

His name was shown as Benjamin Monroe Connor and as Benjamin Moore Connor in the article. He was born March 5, 1844 at Nelsonville, Ohio. On January 5, 1877 he married Josephine Grandon at Meadow Grove, Nebraska. They had six children with one of whom died in childhood. Excerpts from Meadow Grove News, Friday December 8, 1922 on page 1.

Collins, Mitchell

Mitchell Collins died Saturday at Lincoln. His body was taken back to Battle Creek being the home of his sisters, Mrs. D. L. Fender and Mrs. H. C. Chrisman. The funeral was held on Tuesday with burial in the Union Cemetery. He was about the age of thirty. He was unmarried but leaves many relatives in the vicinity besides his sisters. Source: The Norfolk Weekly News-Journal, Friday Feb. 17, 1905 on page 8.

Cloyd, William W.

Another Old Veteran Dead

Meadow Grove, Neb., Jan. 27.

Last Friday morning the community was shocked to learn that another of our old residents, W. W. CLOYD, had passed away. He had been in his usual health, but died suddenly of heart failure.  The funeral was held from his home at 11 o’clock Sunday morning, Rev. Ford of Meadow Grove conducting the services. Interment was made at the Jackson cemetery.

William W. Cloyd was born in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, February 22, 1833, and died Jan. 24, 1913, aged 79 years, 11 months and 2 days. On Nov. 24, 1863, he enlisted with Co. H 44th Indiana Volunteers and was discharged at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 14, 1865. He moved to Iowa in 1865 and from there to Madison county, Nebraska, in 1868. Of his family surviving him are three sons and one daughter, James of Tilden, Wilson, Doan and Miss Olive all of Meadow Grove. He also leaves ten grandchildren and four greatgrandchildren. Source: Battle Creek Enterprise, January 30,1913, page 1

Cloyd, Martha, Mrs. (Ransdell)

Mrs. Martha Cloyd Passed Suddenly

It was indeed a shock to the people of Meadow Grove to hear of the sudden death of Mrs. Martha Cloyd Wednesday evening. She had been feeling as well as usual on Wednesday, and in the evening went with Mrs. Botsford to the movie. All of a sudden she complained that she could not get her breath. She was taken to her home and died immediately, the cause being heart-failure. Mrs. Cloyd had been subject to heart attacks for many years. Usually they were of short duration and would be relieved by ease and quiet. They were becoming more numerous recently and the last one came Wednesday evening. Source: Meadow Grove News, Thursday, July 31, 1930, page 1.

Martha Christina (Ransdell) Cloyd was born February 20, 1859 in Franklin, Indiana and died in Meadow Grove, Nebraska on July 30, 1930, age 71 years 5 months, and 10 days. She was the youngest and last living member of a family of 13 children. She was united in marriage to Wilson Cloyd on February 21, 1881. Survivors were Mrs. Audrey Higbee, Mrs. Martha Buffington, Cora, Irvin, and Donald Cloyd, along with 10 grandchildren. Two children, Robert and Clellen, and her husband preceeded her in death. Burial was in the Besst Cemetery beside her husband and oldest son. Source: excerpts from Meadow Grove News, Thursday, August 7, 1930, page 1.